STUDY GUIDE RENAISSANCE AND REFORMATION
CHAPTERS 7 AND 8, STANDARDS 7.8 AND 7.9
1. What is the “Renaissance”?
2. What cultures were central in Renaissance ideas?
3. People of the Renaissance became more secular. This means they became more____
4. Where did the Renaissance begin?
5. Which of the following is not a reason why Italy was unable to unite into a single kingdom during the Middle Ages?
6. How did the geography of Italy influence the wealth of the Italian city-states?
7. How did the re-opening of the Silk Road by the Mongols influence trade?
8. Which of the following is not true about Florence at the beginning of the Renaissance?
9. Which of the following is not true of the city of Venice during the Renaissance?
10. In The Prince, Machiavelli’s opinion of government power was that ____
11. What is humanism?
12. The works of what ancient civilizations were re-discovered by Renaissance scholars?
13. What Renaissance person was a great scientist, artist, inventor, and engineer?
14. What Renaissance writer created one of the world’s greatest poems, The Divine Comedy, in the vernacular in the early 1300s?
15. What invention is credited to Johannes Gutenberg in the early 1450s?
16. What was the significance of Gutenberg’s invention?
17. Who was the greatest English writer of the Renaissance era?
18. Who was the greatest Spanish writer who wrote Don Quixote de la Mancha?
19. How did Renaissance artists differentiate their work from medieval artists?
20. Which of the following includes only Renaissance artists?
21. Which of the following is not one of Michelangelo’s works?
22. What important artistic method was developed in Flanders, Belgium in the late 1400s during the spread of the Renaissance to northern Europe?
23. What style of art is Albrecht Durer best known for?
24. What was the name of the young monk that challenged the Roman Catholic Church in 1517?
25. What is the Reformation?
26. Erasmus believed in all the following except____
27. All of the following are internal problems of the Catholic Church that led to the Reformation except_____
28. What is an “indulgence”?
29. What are two contributions of John Wycliffe, an English priest in the 1370s?
30. What is William Tyndale best known for?
31. What was the central belief of Martin Luther that caused his break from the Catholic Church?
32. What became known as the Ninety-Five Theses?
33. Luther’s beliefs led to the creation of the first________
34. What was decided in the Peace of Augsburg in 1555?
35. What does Calvin’s main idea, predestination, mean?
36. The Reformation took hold in England as a result of _________
37. Upon the death of Bloody Mary, or Mary I, who had reinstated Catholicism in England, who reinstated the Anglican Church and became one of England’s greatest rulers?
38. How did Calvinism affect England?
39. The Council of Trent (1540s-1560s) was established by Pope Paul III in order to______
40. Who established the Pope’s agents in Europe know as the Society of Jesus or Jesuits?
41. What did the Edict of Nantes, issued by King Henry IV, state?
42. What was a dramatic impact of the Reformation in Spain?
43. Why were the Middle Ages in Spain considered the golden age for both Muslim and Jewish thinkers, poets, artists, and scientists?
44. Which of these is not a legacy of the Reformation?
Renaissance and Reformation Vocabulary
4. Linear perspective
9. Catholic Church