Middle Ages Study Guide
- Who was the Frankish king that in A.D. 496 united the Franks spread Catholicism in the Frankish kingdom?
- By A.D. 700, who were the real rulers of the Franks?
- What was the greatest accomplishment of Charles Martel?
- Who was the first mayor of the palace to become king of the Franks?
- On Christmas day in A.D. 800 Pope Leo III declared Charlemagne …
- What Scandinavian raiders terrorized Europe during the A.D. 800s and A.D. 900s?
- What is the region of western France settle by these raiders called?
- What do we call the territory ruled by King Otto I of Germany?
- What was the role of monasteries in medieval Europe?
- How did the church develop a role in the politics of Europe?
- What did Pope Gregory VII do to try to limit the kings and nobles influence in the affairs of the church?
- What did Gregory VII do when King Henry IV of Germany refused to accept his decree?
- Landowning nobles governed and protect the people in return for services was called what system?
- What is a vassal?
- What is a “knight”?
- What distinguishes between a serf and a freeman peasant?
- What improvements in farming were developed in the middle Ages?
- What is the code of chivalry?
- What is a “guild”?
- What are the steps to guild membership?
- Who won the battle of Hastings and took control of English in 1066?
- What is the book containing the results of King William’s survey of all the land in England called?
- The Magna Carta, which King John was forces to sign in 1215, limited his powers. What were they?
- The habeas corpus, a concept that developed from the idea of the Magna Carta, is a concept that…
- The first step in representative government in England initiated in the 1200s by King Edward I was called?
- The first French parliament was called the Estates-General and it was made up of…
- Why did Pope Urban II call for a crusade or holy war against the Muslim Turks?
- What effects did the Crusades have on Europe?
- How are friars different from monks?
- Who founded the first order of friars?
- What did medieval life revolve around?
- What is heresy?
- What is Anti-Semitism and what was its result in the Middle Ages?
- What architectural style allowed people in the Middle Ages to build tall, large churches called cathedrals?
- The Medieval universities were created to train scholars. Students studied what?
- What is Thomas Aquinas best known for?
- How did the plague spread from Europe?
- How did the plague impact Europe’s economy?
- What was the cause of the hundred year war?
- What did Joan of Arc accomplish for France?
- What term is used to describe the Spanish defeat of the Muslims and their expulsion from the Iberian Peninsula?
MIDDLE AGES VOCABULARY
Draw and quarter
Holy Roman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church evidence